It was initiated in 1870 to commemorate the Centenary of Beethoven’s birth to celebrate the close relationship between the Society and the composer. The medal bears the effigy of Beethoven and has become one of the most privileged honours in the world of music, presented to the finest musicians of any nationality.
Among the names on the list of honour are Brahms (1877), Fritz Kreisler (1904), Delius and Elgar (1925), Richard Strauss (1936), John Barbirolli (1950), Kathleen Ferrier (1953), Stravinsky (1954), Britten (1964) Horowitz (1974) Lutoslawski (1986) and Bernstein (1987)
Current Gold Medal recipients are: Martha Argerich, Janet Baker, Daniel Barenboim, Alfred Brendel, Placido Domingo, Bernard Haitink, György Kurtág, Antonio Pappano, Thomas Quasthoff, Simon Rattle, András Schiff, John Tomlinson, and Mitsuko Uchida.
Where ever possible the medal is presented publicly on the concert platform.